Jean Baptiste Francois Bulliard     (1742 - 1793)

Image of Amanita V3 from A. M. Hussey (1847 - 1855) Illustrations of British mycology
Amanita V3

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Further Sources
Selected publications


Bulliard studied medicine in Langres, and in hospices in Clairvaux and Paris, where he set up his own practice. He is the discoverer of many of our most well-known mushrooms, including some of the most popular edible ones. I have always liked the fact that he named both Boletus edulis and Tylopilus felleus. As his herbarium has not been preserved, the pictures in his big book serve as "iconotypes" for those species.

Image of Bolbitius titubans from Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (1816 - 1817) Das System der Pilze und Schwämme
Bolbitius titubansFrom the date of his death, I had always assumed that he was executed in the French Revolution, but seems to be incorrect: Redhead (2001) says that he died in a hunting accident, and Dörfelt & Heklau just say that "his early death remains a mystery."

He is one of the few (old-time) mycologists with a nickname, Pierre; he is listed in most libraries as Pierre Bulliard. I have no idea why.


Heinrich Dörfelt & Heike Heklau (1998) Die Geschichte der Mykologie
      (Die Geschichte der Mykologie)

Simon Schwendener (2001) "Die Flechten als Parasiten der Algen" (Die Flechten als Parasiten der Algen) in Verhandlungen der Nauturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel

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Further Sources

E. J. Gilbert (1952) "Life of Bulliard" in Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (Bulletin of the French Mycological Society)

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Selected Publications

Jean Baptiste Francois Bulliard (1780 - 1798) Herbier de la France (Guide to the Herbs of France) 13 vol.

Jean Baptiste Francois Bulliard (1783) Dictionnaire de botanique (Dictionary of Botany)
An attempt to give pictured definitions for Latin and French botanical terms. Mostly what it does for us now is show how firmly rooted these terms are in their original applications to vascular plants. I discuss this a bit in the entry on natural language.

Jean Baptiste Francois Bulliard (1791 - 1812) Histoire des Champignons de la France (Natural History of the Mushrooms of France)
I wonder how all these books kept coming out after Bulliard had been killed.

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Abortiporus biennis (Bulliard: Fries) Singer
Agrocybe semiorbicularis (Bulliard: Saint-Amans) Fayod
Amanita ovoidea Bulliard: Fries
Amanita vaginata (Bulliard: Fries) Vittadini
Amanita verna Bulliard: Fries
Asterophora lycoperdoides (Bulliard: Mérat) Ditmar: Fries
Asterophora parasitica (Bulliard: Fries) Singer
Bolbitius titubans (Bulliard: Fries) Fries
Boletus chrysenteron (Bulliard) Fries
Boletus edulis Bulliard: Fries
Boletus parasiticus Bulliard: Fries
Cerrena unicolor (Bulliard: Fries) Murrill
Chalciporus piperatus (Bulliard) Bataille
Collybia tuberosa (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Collybia sensu lato butyracea (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Collybia sensu lato dryophila (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Coprinus atramentarius (Bulliard: Fries) Fries
Coprinus micaceus (Bulliard: Fries) Fries
Exidia glandulosa Bulliard: Fries
Gymnopus dryophilus (Bulliard: Fries) Murrill
Gymnopus fusipes (Bulliard: Fries) S. F. Gray
Gyroporus cyanescens (Bulliard) Quélet
Hebeloma crustiliniforme (Bulliard) Quélet
Hericium ramosum (Bulliard: Métrod) Letellier
Hohenbuehlia petaloides (Bulliard: Fries) Schulzer von Müggenberg
Hypsiszygus tessulatus (Bulliard: Fries) Singer
Inocybe lanuginosa (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Inocybe rimosa (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Lactarius camphoratus (Bulliard: Fries) Fries
Laetiporus sulphureus (Bulliard: Fries) Murrill
Leccinum aurantiacum (Bulliard) S. F. Gray
Leccinum scabrum (Bulliard) S. F. Gray
Lepiota clypeolaria (Bulliard: Fries) Kummer
Omphalina pyxidata (Bulliard: Fries) Quélet
Panaeolus campanulatus (Bulliard: Fries) Quélet
Panellus stipticus (Bulliard: Fries) Karsten
Polyporus elegans Bulliard: Fries
Rhodocollybia butyracea (Bulliard: Fries) J. W. Lennox
Rickenella fibula (Bulliard: Fries) Raithelhuber
Tylopilus felleus (Bulliard) Karsten
Volvariella volvacea (Bulliard: Fries) Singer

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Auricularia Bulliard: Mérat
Fistulina Bulliard: Fries
Hypoxylon Bulliard: Fries

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