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Color terms

(pl. Colors)

Terms discussed: carmine, fulvous, hyaline, tawny, vinaceous

There are many words for colors that are used in mycology but are no longer in general circulation. I'm only giving the few of them that I can't escape using, because this is a huge and messy topic.


Topics:
carmine
fulvous
hyaline
vinaceous

       

carmine



Image of Hygrophorus russula from Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (1816 - 1817) Das System der Pilze und Schwämme
Hygrophorus russula
a red with purplish or bluish tones in it

Except at the disk, the cap of this mushroom is carmine
       

fulvous



Photo of Amanita fulva by John Denk
Amanita fulva
Tawny; a warm, yellowish brown
       

hyaline


Clear, colorless, like window glass. Used for spores or other microscopic structures.
Rod Tulloss believes that hyaline should simply mean transparent (like glass) without any requirement of colorlessness. With all due respect, that would just mean that everything viewable under a microscope would suddenly become " hyaline", and the term would use all usefulness.

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vinaceous



Image of Tricholomopsis rutilans from Eugen Gramberg (1913) Pilze unserer Heimat
Tricholomopsis rutilans
wine-colored; a dark purplish red

The cap of the largest mushroom in the picture is vinaceous.

Kibby & Fatto (1990) report that vinaceous has been used historically for a large range of purplish colors, but right now it seems to be pretty much restricted to the sense in which it is used in this website.

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