Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.
Flesh without fibers, fracturing with the same sort of break as a piece of chalk
Spore and gill color limited to white, yellow, or ochre
Mycorrhizal: occuring only on the ground, and only when there are trees nearby
No ring or volva on stalk
All fleshy-stemmed mushrooms whose gills exude a latex when cut go here
Cap usually brighter colored than Lactarius
Stalk usually white or tinged with color of cap
Yellow to Brownish Russula Subgenus
Cap entirely yellow or light brown
Non-smelly Yellow Russula Section
Not foul-smelling or smelling of marzipan,
but it may have a fruity or other kind of odor
Bright Yellow Russula SubSection
Cap clearly yellow to straw-colored, not yellowish brown
Russula flaviceps Peck
Here are the characters that distinguish this species from the others in its group. For its more general characters, see higher up on the page.
If there's just a few words or a microscopic feature here, a more thorough description can be found above.
- Cap up to 4" across; amber-yellow to golden yellow; viscid; peeling 1/2 of the way to the center
Gills white, maturing pale yellow
- Spores 7-8.5 x 6-7 Ám; warts .2-.5 Ám high, some fused into ridges
Pileocystidia cylindric-clavate, staining in sulfovanillin
This mushroom is right on the border between the brighter and the browner Yellow Russulas