Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)
White Spored Suborder
Spore print "light-colored": white or buff, sometimes tinged with pink or tan. Greenish and (except for the Russulales) yellow spore prints also go here
Stalk fibrous, not fracturing like a piece of chalk
None of the special features distinguishing the other white-spored genera:
Gills not free, as in the Lepiotas and Amanitas
Basidia not extra-long, as in the Hygrophoraceae
Spores smooth, except for Lentinellus
Terrestrial Trich Subfamily
Growing on the ground
Woodland Rooting Trich Tribe
Stalk growing into the ground like a root
Growing in woods
Cap brown or greyish brown; often slimy in wet weather; usually radially wrinkled or broadly striate
Stem white, sometimes with iridescent brown caulocystidia; fibrous, often visibly twisted
Xerula furfuracea (Peck) Redhead, Ginns & Shoemaker
Here are the characters that distinguish this species from the others in its group. For its more general characters, see higher up on the page.
If there's just a few words or a microscopic feature here, a more thorough description can be found above.
- Cap up to 4 3/4" across
Stem covered with brown iridescent caulocystidia, often distributed in bands
- Spores 14-16 x 9.5-12 Ám, oval, with a prominent apiculus
The stem's iridescence doesn't come through very well in the photo. You have to look at the stem and tilt it back and forth