Xeromphalina     Genus

Cortinarius husseyiKey to Gilled Mushrooms     Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.

TricholomaAgaricales     Order
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)

Amanita onustaWhite Spored     Suborder
Spore print "light-colored": white or buff, sometimes tinged with pink or tan. Greenish and (except for the Russulales) yellow spore prints also go here
Stalk fibrous, not fracturing like a piece of chalk

TricholomataceaeTricholomataceae     Family
None of the special features distinguishing the other white-spored genera:
Gills not free, as in the Lepiotas and Amanitas
Basidia not extra-long, as in the Hygrophoraceae
Spores smooth, except for Lentinellus

HygrocybeLignicolous Trich     Subfamily
Growing on trees or dead wood, leaves, or sticks, or organic debris, often in moss

Armillaria tabescensNormal LignoTrich     Tribe
Shaped like a “normal mushroom”
Small and fragile to medium-sized, except for one large, grey-capped species

Small Ligno Trich     Subtribe
Fruiting body small: cap up to 1 1/4" across (and most clearly smaller than that)

Omphalina ericetorumOmphalinoids     SemiTribe
Mature fruiting body with an omphalos, never bell-shaped or conical. Never even flat except when very young.
Usually more colorful than the other choices
Often growing in or among a lichen

Xeromphalina     Genus     R. Kühner & R. Maire

Xeromphalina campanella


Microscropic Characters

Narrow down your identification:

Xeromphalina campanellaXeromphalina campanella
Cap up to 1" across, yellowish tan to orange to cinnamon brown; margin incurved at first, striate
Stalk usually curved, reddish brown, lightening upwards to gills; base covered with a dense tuft of long, bright, tawny hairs
Cestipose, very numerous, on coniferous wood
Gills a little lighter than cap

Xeromphalina kauffmanii
Looks like Xeromphalina campanella, but
on deciduous wood, especially oak
Stalk usually straight instead of curved

Xeromphalina tenuipes
Cap up to 2 3/4" across; convex, becoming flat and margin becoming extremely wavy; orange brown with an olive tinge when fresh
Stalk concolorous, velutinate
Cestipose, very numerous, on coniferous wood
Gills white, becoming pale yellow in age