Scaly Pholiota     Section

Cortinarius husseyiKey to Gilled Mushrooms     Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.

TricholomaAgaricales     Order
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)

Inocybe pyriodoraBrown, Olive, Orange or Tan Spored     Suborder
Gills not free
Spore print tan, orange, deep ochre, yellowish olive, olive brown, rusty or cinnamon brown or deep brown
Ring usually either absent or not membranous

Pholiota albocrenulataLignicolous Brown Spored     Family
Growing on wood

Gymnopilus spectabilisMedium To Big Lignicolous Brown Spored     Subfamily
Cap usually more than 2" across, and sometimes up to 8; usually tan, yellow, or pumpkin-colored

Pholiota aurivellaPholiota     Genus
Having more than one of the following characters:
Cap slimy (all slimy MediumToBigLignicolousBrownSpored mushrooms go here)
Cap covered with pointy or fibrillose scales (all MediumToBigLignicolousBrownSpored mushrooms with this sort of scales go here)
Cap often yellowish

Scaly Pholiota     Section     

Pholiota squarrosa


Narrow down your identification:

Pholiota albocrenulataPholiota albocrenulata
Cap up to 4" across; slimy or viscid when fresh; very rounded at first, becoming umbonate; dark reddish brown or orange brown over the disk, shading to yellowish brown at the margin; often with small brownish scales especially towards the margin, which is also hung with scraps of veil tissue
Gills appearing fringed or uneven from the numerous cheilocystidia, and often beaded with tiny white droplets
Usually on deciduous wood, especially maple and elm

Pholiota aurivellaPholiota aurivella
Cap up to 6" across; yellow; slimy when fresh, viscid when not; scales often flattened, spotlike, or patchy

Pholiota destruens
Cap up to 8" across; slimy when fresh; buff to brownish yellow
Universal veil white, cottony, thick; forming woolly or cottony patches on the cap, stem, and hanging from the cap margin; sometimes leaving a slight ring on the stalk
On cottonwood, aspen, poplar, and willow; especially emerging from the cut ends of logs

Pholiota flammans
Cap up to 4" across; viscid; yellow, with brighter yellow patches of universal veil material
Partial veil also leaving patches on lower stem below an evanescent annular zone
On coniferous wood

Pholiota mutabilisPholiota mutabilis
Cap up to 2 1/4" across; glabrous; clearly hygrophanous; brown; often becoming umbonate
Partial veil leaving ring or annular zone, with the stalk covered with scaly veil remnants below it
Usually fruiting in dense clusters; often totally hiding the substrate

Pholiota squarrosaPholiota squarrosa
Cap up to 5" across; yellow; not slimy
Cap and stem very scaly
Gills often with a greenish tinge
Odor often like onions or garlic
Usually in large clusters at the base of trees or stumps, especially aspen, birch, and spruce

Pholiota squarrosoides
Cap up to 4" across; yellow; slimy in maturity in wet weather
Cap and stem very scaly
Gills white until colored by spores
Singly or in dense clusters on hardwoods, especially maple, alder, birch and beech