Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)
Brown, Olive, Orange or Tan Spored Suborder
Gills not free
Spore print tan, orange, deep ochre, yellowish olive, olive brown, rusty or cinnamon brown or deep brown
Ring usually either absent or not membranous
Lignicolous Brown Spored Family
Growing on wood
Medium To Big Lignicolous Brown Spored Subfamily
Cap usually more than 2" across, and sometimes up to 8; usually tan, yellow, or pumpkin-colored
Scaly Pholiota Section
Growing on wood
Cap and stem with many pointy or patchy scales
Sometimes the scales wash off the cap in the rain (with a slippery cap, it's especially easy for that to happen); but they usually remain on the stalk (which is protected from the rain by the cap)
Cap typically yellowish
Pholiota squarrosoides (Peck) Saccardo
Here are the characters that distinguish this species from the others in its group. For its more general characters, see higher up on the page.
If there's just a few words or a microscopic feature here, a more thorough description can be found above.
- Cap up to 4" across; yellow; slimy in maturity in wet weather
Cap and stem very scaly
Gills white until colored by spores
Singly or in dense clusters on hardwoods, especially maple, alder, birch and beech
If young enough that the cap hasn't opened and gotten sticky, this species is almost indistinguishable from P. squarrosa