Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)
White Spored Suborder
Spore print "light-colored": white or buff, sometimes tinged with pink or tan. Greenish and (except for the Russulales) yellow spore prints also go here
Stalk fibrous, not fracturing like a piece of chalk
None of the special features distinguishing the other white-spored genera:
Gills not free, as in the Lepiotas and Amanitas
Basidia not extra-long, as in the Hygrophoraceae
Spores smooth, except for Lentinellus
Lignicolous Trich Subfamily
Growing on trees or dead wood, leaves, or sticks, or organic debris, often in moss
Normal LignoTrich Tribe
Shaped like a “normal mushroom”
Small and fragile to medium-sized, except for one large, grey-capped species
Small Ligno Trich Subtribe
Fruiting body small: cap up to 1 1/4" across (and most clearly smaller than that)
Mature fruiting body with an omphalos, never bell-shaped or conical. Never even flat except when very young.
Usually more colorful than the other choices
Often growing in or among a lichen
Fruiting body grey, brown, or lighter shades of those two colors, sometimes ochre or pale orange
Stem fleshy; concolorous with cap, and of the same texture
Omphalina ericetorum (Fries) M. Lange
Here are the characters that distinguish this species from the others in its group. For its more general characters, see higher up on the page.
If there's just a few words or a microscopic feature here, a more thorough description can be found above.
- Cap up to 1 1/2" across, usually less than an inch; brown fading to yellow; in age, cap pleated and margin scalloped by the gills
Growing with a lichen which is so inconspicuous that it may be obscured by the moss that it also often grows with
The photo may actually be O. pyxidata, which was Mrs. Hussey's original identification. O. pyxidata is supposed to grow in open areas, as in the photo, but I didn't know if it was also a lichen-forming species. On the other hand, it's hard to say which lichen is supposed to be growing with the mushroom: I count about three different ones in the picture