Key to Gilled Mushrooms Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.
Fruiting body containing fibers (usually in the stalk)
White Spored Suborder
Spore print "light-colored": white or buff, sometimes tinged with pink or tan. Greenish and (except for the Russulales) yellow spore prints also go here
Stalk fibrous, not fracturing like a piece of chalk
Annulus usually present (on some small species, the partial veil may remain instead as scraps of tissue on the edge of the cap)
Cap often umbonate, often with a concentric design of scales that are an intrinsic part of the cap (not easily peeled off without taking part of the cap with it)
The cap is also usually egg-shaped or completely round (like a globe) at first - - it doesn't start to open until the stem is almost fully grown
Big Lepiotas Section
Cap can reach more than 2-3" across at maturity
Flesh sometimes changing color if cut or bruised
Ring often thick-edged and can be slid up and down the stalk
If the size of your collection is borderline, try this choice first
Here are the characters that distinguish this species from the others in its group. For its more general characters, see higher up on the page.
If there's just a few words or a microscopic feature here, a more thorough description can be found above.
- Cap up to 8" across; not umbonate - - flat in the center
Cap cuticle cinnamon brown, breaking up into scales as the cap expands; the flesh that shows between the scales is dingy white at first, but ages to a lighter version of the scale color; the disk stays solid cinnamon brown
Flesh staining orange (a dull carrot color), then reddish brown when cut (try the stem)
Stalk often enlarged below, or forming a rimmed basal bulb
Grows singly or in groups in any kind of plant litter or compost