Bruising Red Russula     Section

Cortinarius husseyiKey to Gilled Mushrooms     Key
This is a key to gilled mushrooms, that is, mushrooms having a definite cap with a fertile surface consisting of gills. The fruiting body usually also has a stem, although that may be lateral or absent (usually, then, the mushroom is growing from wood). You can use this key to identify mushrooms that you find.

Russula paludosaRussulales     Suborder
Flesh without fibers, fracturing with the same sort of break as a piece of chalk
Spore and gill color limited to white, yellow, or ochre
Mycorrhizal: occuring only on the ground, and only when there are trees nearby
No ring or volva on stalk
All fleshy-stemmed mushrooms whose gills exude a latex when cut go here

RussulaRussula     Genus
No latex
Cap usually brighter colored than Lactarius
Stalk usually white or tinged with color of cap

Russula alutaceaRed Russula     Subgenus
Cap red or pink, with perhaps some yellow or orange mixed in

Bruising Red Russula     Section     


Narrow down your identification:

Russula cinerascens
Cap up to 5" across; dull red, cinnamon-buff, aging (often completely) greyish olive or vinaceous; peeling 1/3 of the way to the center
Stem white, quickly becoming red, then black, when bruised
Odor pleasant
Spore print light ochre

Russula decolorans
Cap up to 6" across; bright copper-orange, bronze, or brick red, fading to dull grayish ochre
Stem bruising directly grey, aging grey
Gills white to corn yellow, aging grey
In cold, wet places under conifers

Russula rubescens
Cap up to 3 1/4" across; deep red; viscid when wet; peeling 1/2-2/3 of the way to the center
Stem bruising red or brownish, then quickly greyish black
Growing under hardwoods

Russula rubriceps
Cap up to 3 3/4" across; bright red; hemispheric at first, remaining convex in age; peeling only 1/3 of the way to the center
Stem tall, robust, ventricose; apex often pink; bruising red, then dark grey


Russula xerampelinaFishy Purple Russula     SubSection
  • Bruising brown
  • Odor of crushed or old flesh like fish or seafood just starting to go bad